Bladder Replacement Therapy

Main Article Content

Xinqi Liu
Jiaxin Wang
Lida Ren
Qing Ling


bladder, bladder dysfunction, bladder replacement, artificial bladder, tissue engineering


The bladder, as a vital organ of the urinary system, facilitates urine storage and micturition. The bladder can store urine under low pressure, sense volume changes, and coordinate with the urethral sphincter to ensure autonomous and efficient urination and bladder emptying. However, irreversible bladder damage may result from various conditions, such as nerve injuries, aging, or metabolic syndrome, compromising its normal physiological functions and necessitating various interventions for anatomical and functional bladder replacements. This review aimed to summarize advances on anatomical and functional bladder replacements.


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