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As part of the submission process, authors are required to check off their submission's compliance with all of the following items, and submissions may be returned to authors that do not adhere to these guidelines.

  • The submission has not been previously published, nor is it under consideration by another journal (or an explanation has been provided in Comments to the Editor).
  • The submission file is in Microsoft Word format for main text.
  • The text should be typed in 12-point Times New Roman font, and should be single-spaced throughout.
  • The text adheres to the stylistic and bibliographic requirements outlined in the Author Guidelines.
  • Figures should be embedded in the main text file and also submitted as separate image files in TIFF format and with a resolution not less than 300 dpi (see figure prep instructions).
  • All supplementary information should be submitted as a single file in PDF format except for big Excel tables and video files.
  • A cover letter should be prepared. The letter should also contain names, institutions and Emails of at least 5 suggested reviewers.